Mark
Charrette Submission for The Museum of Modern Art Expansion, New York, NY (Perspective view of automated study center)
1997
Rem Koolhaas

OMA (Office for Metropolitan Architecture)
Collage on paper
8½ x 14"


BASIC ARGUMENT

1.
Zoning regulations:
East side: Present configuration exhausts allowable construction
West side: Envelope implies pyramidal structure


2.
Interventions in xisting MoMA envelope
a.) eliminate restaurant on east side sculpture garden
b.) eliminate Pelli 'greenhouse' and escalators

in order to...

c.) earn right to construct slender office tower on top of 1964 Johnson east wing. MoMA Inc.!


3.
depress sculpture garden, open up relationship with the city and transform former basement in new entrance conition


4.
shift attention to dorset side...

4B.
architecture without architects: pyramid-slab defined by current NYC zoning law
the more you stick to the rules, the more freedom you have


5.
experiments in obedience: put plausible volume in designated position...


6.
major architectural & conceptual issue: minimal overlap between old and new MoMA...


7.
anatomy of limited engagement: extension and donor; joint west of Pelli tower only


8.
analysis of a campus:
- find more plausible footprint for integration of old and new MoMA
- replace Whitney building, shift expansion eastward, leave part of Dorset un-built:

entire museum program realised within square to organise maximum overlap coherence


9.
position new museum volume in place...
Ultimate box? Campus implies dispersal, an inherent resistance to the assembly of critical mass, confrontation, exchange.

Single structure establishes a center of gravity for the entire in situation and an equivalent presence on both streets


10.
where goes additional program?
Somewhere 'within the rules' certainly


11.
re analize zoning envelope:
only narrow zone of potential development runs across block from 54th to 53rd street...


12.
architecture without architects II
use zoning envelope like a cast - pour remaining program in envelope and, when hardened, remove.
Triangular volume is not a box.
Will MoMA like it? Does OMA like it?


13.
"Ceci n'est pas un design..."
put triangle on new museum

Retroactive projection: Museum tower incorporated in logic of vertical elements resting on museum as sockle...


14.
near complete ownership of a major Manhattan block implies larger urban responsibilities.
Sculpture garden offered oasis in modest, early MoMA; maintaining it is not enough...

-imagine —OMA





(Photo: MoMA & OMA)